The concept of biomimetic control, i.e., control systems that mimic biological animals in the way they exercise control, rather than just humans, has led to the definition of a new class of biologically inspired robots that exhibit much greater robustness in performance in unstructured environments than the robots that are currently being built. A key feature of biomimetic robots is their capacity to adapt to the environment and ability to learn and react fast. However, a biomimetic robot is not just about learning and adaptation but also involves novel mechanisms and manipulator structures capable of meeting the enhanced performance requirements. Thus, biomimetic robots are being designed to be substantially more compliant and stable than conventionally controlled robots and will take advantage of new developments in materials, microsystems technology, as well as developments that have led to a deeper understanding of biological behaviour.